Билеты

2

 

№1

 

1. Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Can cheating be stopped?

there is a similar problem. One report showed that about 54 % of students copy from the Internet when they prepare for the lessons.

lots of different essays on particular plays and themes in Shakespeare and copy one of them. So they no longer have to read books in libraries, take notes and plan their own essay.

The Internet has certainly helped students to avoid the hard work of writing an original essay, but it is not the only reason why cheating is increasing. In recent years, students’ attitudes to school and university have changed. In the past, students had a more idealistic attitude towards a university education. University broadened their minds. Nowadays, a lot of students are more practical in their attitude. They are only interested in passing the exams. They want a degree only to help them get a good job.

Teachers and examiners want to stop cheating in school and university, but they do not agree about how to solve the problem. Some teachers think a student’s final grade shouldn’t depend on his/her coursework. They think that it is better to have traditional (time­limited) written exams that are held in an examination room.

Another way to stop cheating is to have an oral exam at the end of the course. If students cannot answer questions about their coursework, this could indicate that they have cheated. At the same time, the oral exam would give the examiner a better idea of students’ real knowledge of the subject.

списывать

 

? Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   How do students cheat using the internet?

   Why do students cheat?

 

 

   Listen to the radio programme and answer the questions below.

 

   What books did Laura Reddington write trying to make a living?

one day?

   Why does Laura think about all the details before writing a book?

 

Script:

was an international best­seller. Laura, did you always want to write?

I’ve always been interested in books. I always thought it would be wonderful to be a writer and this was an ambition.

How did you start writing?

iction — without success, though. I thought it would be easy money.

How did you get the idea for your book?

. So I thought I could mix the two stories together to make a sort of a detective novel.

How long did it take you to write the book?

Well, that book took two years to write. I know some people can sit down and just write, and until they’ve finished they don’t know how it will end. But for me, it’s all about planning, when I worked out all the details, I concentrate on the actual writing.

»

 

   

 

   Let’s talk about your family. What is family for you?

   Are there any things that you do with your parents together?

What will you ask a British teenager about his/her family?

   What can you advise a person who wants to have a close and happy family?

   Nowadays an average family has one child or two children. From your point of view, how many children should there be in a family?

№ 2

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Books in never­ending motion

iction for pleasure. Perhaps it’s unfashionable to read these days. However, a new trend is developing, with literary lovers leaving their books in public places, to be picked up and ‘borrowed’ by others.

.

and when.

night club installed a shelf of books. While some people dance, others gather by the shelves of books, magazines and discs. “We’ve subscribed to several magazines, while books are brought in by our guests, staff and musicians. This is how our collection grows,” says Yan Busel, who co­owns the club.

Book­crossing is gaining popularity, with safe shelves found in many libraries, as well as cafes and educational establishments. No doubt, it’s a great way to attract visitors.

стажировка

 

this extract and read it aloud.

irst to introduce book-crossing in our country?

Why is book-crossing becoming more and more popular in Belarus?

   Listen to the woman talking about her schooldays and answer the questions below.

 

   What is the speaker talking about?

   When did the speaker feel relieved?

   Why did the speaker start crying?

 

   

couldn’t swim so I became very upset and started to cry. In fact, I wouldn’t stop crying so Mrs Gossage phoned my mother and she came to collect me early. I remember feeling very confused when I saw my mum! So much had happened! We went and had an ice cream and then I felt calm again. But what a day! I’ll never forget it.

спокойнее

 

   

 

   Let’s talk about family traditions. Why is family important for you?

   Are there any family traditions that you follow?

   What will you ask a British teenager about his/her relatives?

   What can you advise people who want to adopt an unusual family tradition?

   Some people consider that old traditions glue families together. Do you agree with them?

№ 3

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD

true friendship. The faces we see each day are like pictures in a gallery; the talk that we hear is just sound. Perhaps this is why the websites like ‘Facebook’, ‘Contacts’ are so popular these days. They allow people to communicate and even become close without meeting up. It seems that many people’s idea of friendship has changed nowadays. But what is friendship?

irst western philosopher to discuss friendship in a detailed way. He said that people who chose to live alone were either like animals or gods. He probably meant that it is natural to want friends. Certainly, people who choose to live without friends are frequently regarded as having problems. We either pity them or else we view them as strange.

Aristotle also said that there are three different categories of friends. In the first category, we are friends with people because of some advantage that the friendship gives us. In other words, the friendship has a practical value. Friends in this category would include bosses at work or some of our colleagues.

Aristotle’s second category of friendship is based on the idea of pleasure. Friends in this category enjoy doing things together and they have a lot of interests in common.

The third category of friendship is the highest form of friendship. In this category, people are friends on a deeper level. The friendship does not depend on anything other than the friends themselves. The relationship is so close that it seems that one soul belongs to two bodies, Aristotle said.

Aristotle also said that close friends must have eaten salt together. In other words, they must have shared some of life’s good and bad experiences. Most people today would probably agree that these are a fundamental part of true friendship.

 

   Read aloud the extract which says about the changes in the modern society.

   What do people think about people who have no friends?

   What does Aristotle say about the three types of friendship?

 

 

   Listen to the radio programme and answer the questions below.

 

   What are the three main ingredients of the great British breakfast?

’s top restaurants?

cafe?

 

Script:

. Let’s listen to three people.

I got here, and I went to a cafe and there was the bacon, eggs and fried potatoes, and I thought — is this all there is?!

, there’re lots more people having business meetings in top restaurants and it’s getting very fashionable to have breakfast.

I would say the cafe experience is very important, you know, it’s less than 50 % the food, as it is. In a good cafe, they’re not going to hurry you out. There are the smells, there are the sounds — you are just listening to the world go by.

 

Let’s talk about family relationship.

 

   What role does family play in each person’s life?

   Do you have your own family traditions?

What will you ask your British friend about his/her family?

   What can you advise people who want to have a close and happy family?

   Do you think children should help with the housework? Why and how?

№ 4

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

ACCORDING TO LAWS OF HOSPITALITY

Braslav is among the most popular destinations for Belarusians and foreigners. Now, a state programme is being developed to raise the attractiveness of the region to tourists, turning the district centre (home to 10,000) into a modern European city.

, is among the most modern and popular destinations. It’s soon to be expanded, with new hotels, a spa centre, a cafe and an indoor aqua park.

) and actually owned Braslav, founded a monastery on the site. Fragments of this ancient settlement will be restored as part of the Braslav district’s tourism development programme.

for the past few years. Sports lovers and those who enjoy the outdoor life are sure to be delighted by the town’s new rowing channel, ski­roller track and ski slope, in addition to a sports complex with an ice rink.

The local cinema is to be fully modernised, with new halls opened, while an entertainment complex will be built, offering billiards and bowling. A new shopping centre, with a cafe for children, is also planned, alongside a lake­river museum, with an aquarium.

This wonderful resort town should please tourists with its modernised infrastructure and Braslav district could soon become an international tourist destination. One potential investor is to start construction of a new sanatorium very soon.

areas.

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What new things will tourists see in Braslav?

   Why will it be interesting to visit this Belarusian town?

   Listen to the radio programme and answer the questions below.

 

   How long has Brian lived on his boat?

?

   What can he do with his boat that he couldn’t with a house?

 

Script:

Hello, I’m Jackie Dalton. Have you ever wanted to do something completely different? Well, one man now lives on his boat. Brian, welcome.

Hello!

How long have you been living on the boat and why did you move there?

. The family had grown up, the wife had died. I had this big house… and I thought who for? I’m going to go and live on the boat.

?

Best decision I’ve ever made.

Brian, what can you do on a boat that you can’t do in a house?

All these boats have got all the comforts that are required for living on board: microwaves, televisions, fridges… If you don’t like your neighbours, you can go to another place. There’s a lot going for living on board. I love everything that’s down here. I love these lovely nights, the lovely sunsets. People pay for this, you know, they ask me silly questions like “Where do you go for your holiday?” and I look out here and I look at them and I think: “Every day is a holiday!”

 

Let’s talk about friendship and relationship with friends.

 

   What’s your best friend like?

   Is it easier to make friends when you are an adult or a child? Why?

What questions do you usually ask when you want to get acquainted with someone?

What can you advise a teenager who wants to make friends in a new school?

They say: “Friendship isn’t a big thing — it’s a million little things”. What do you think about this?

№ 5

 

   Read the magazine article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

unknown Arthur Conan Doyle

Like the great detective Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle also had many wonderful talents. Many people do not know that he wrote many other kinds of books: science fiction, historical adventures, horror stories and stories of the supernatural. He also wrote factual books on history and politics. In everything he did, he showed his incredible creative energy.

Conan Doyle came from an artistic family and he was a natural writer. His father was a talented artist and his mother was a very good story­teller. In his autobiography, Conan Doyle wrote: “The stories that my mother told me when I was a child stand out more powerfully than the real facts of my life.”

, but he did not have many patients, so he was not earning a lot of money as a doctor. That’s why Conan Doyle made good use of his free time by writing stories. Soon, Conan Doyle began to have his stories published. He now began to understand that writing could provide a better income than medicine.

and the sick. He later wrote a history of the Boer War.

Conan Doyle was determined to do some good in society. He tried to enter Parliament, but he wasn’t successful. Conan Doyle was more successful in his work to improve the law system. He worked very hard to help people who had been wrongfully sent to prison.

Conan Doyle did many things in his life, but he will naturally be remembered most as a writer, a creator of Sherlock Holmes.

война

раненые

 

   Conan Doyle had many talents. Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   How did his writing talent develop?

   Which facts prove that Conan Doyle took an active part in social life?

   Listen to the programme and answer the questions below.

 

   How did the dolphins help a 10-year-old boy?

   How does swimming with dolphins help the children?

   Why are some people not very enthusiastic about dolphin therapy?

 

Script:

dolphins.

Dolphin therapy began some 20 years ago. How does it all work? Close contact with the dolphins works as a motivator. Swimming with the dolphins is an experience that reaches deep down and demands the levels of concentration that are necessary for learning.

Despite its evident success at helping children, not everyone is enthusiastic about dolphin therapy. Animal rights groups warn that it is a myth that dolphins are harmless creatures. They are wild animals with wild instincts.

dolphins must be used for the therapy of course. This creates problems when the animals are returned to the wild. It is partly for this reason that some therapy centres only use dolphins that have been rescued from the wild.

Although dolphin therapy has shown itself to be of great value to many sick and disabled children, the right measures must be taken to ensure the protection both of the dolphins and the children who swim with them.

] находящийся в неволе

 

Let’s talk about education.

 

   What can you tell me about your school?

   Can you tell me about your favourite teacher at school?

Ask me whether I liked school when I was a pupil.

You are talking with a British student. What would you advise him/her to do to prepare for an exam well?

   Today some young people think that having a good education is not very important. Do you agree with them?

№ 6

 

   Read the magazine article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

Hand made chocolates

. We talked to her about her experiences.

Why did you decide to make such a big change of lifestyle?

a good job in this area, so I decided to set up my own business.”

How did the chocolate making begin?

“It had always been my dream. I found a suitable building in a village and installed all the equipment. My sister and a couple of her friends came to work with me and about six months later we were ready to start making cakes. After the cake business had begun to do well and we were supplying hotels and restaurants on a regular basis, I began trying to make my own chocolates. It is not easy to make good chocolate as there are so many factors involved: creativity, the quality of ingredients, even the temperature of the room. When I had developed a good enough range of chocolates, I sent some to the hotels and restaurants. They liked them and ordered more. That is how the chocolate making grew.”

Have you made any mistakes?

irst of all, it was expensive to get a professionally designed website set up. Then it was difficult and expensive to deliver cakes and chocolates to places that were far away. We had to use special packaging to protect the cakes and chocolates, which was also expensive. Sometimes, the chocolates arrived late, or despite everything they were damaged. Then we had to deal with some very angry customers!”

What are your plans for the future?

“We are thinking of setting up our own shop in Torquay with cake and chocolate making facilities inside.”

 

   Why did Jane Turner start her business? Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   How did her chocolate business develop?

   What mistakes did she make?

   Listen to the radio programme and answer the questions below.

 

   Why did Arthur Conan Doyle stop writing stories about Sherlock Holmes?

   What worried Mr Horowitz before starting a book?

   Why was writing the book about Sherlock Holmes easier than Mr Horowitz thought?

 

Script:

’s most famous detective is being brought back to life with a new novel by Anthony Horowitz.

The character of Sherlock Holmes was originally created by Arthur Conan Doyle, who featured him in four novels and more than 50 short stories.

icially asked an author to write a new novel. He has been named as Anthony Horowitz and is best known for his Alex Rider children’s series. So, was he afraid of the challenge?

Anthony Horowitz:

“Well obviously, it was exciting to deal with probably the most famous detective in the whole history of literature. And I didn’t want to disappoint the fans, and people who love these books.

ind the book not so scary as I thought it might be.”

 

Let’s talk about studying at school.

 

   What’s your school like?

   Do you agree that our school gives a person a good start in life? Why (not)?

Ask me what kind of pupil I was at school.

   Which school club would you advise your classmate to join?

Today some young people think that having a good education is very important. Do you agree with them?

№ 7

 

   Read the magazine article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

disappearance

Agatha Christie wrote some of the best detective stories in English. Her own life also contains a mystery that has only recently been solved.

were still on. Inside, there were only some women’s clothes and Agatha Christie’s driving license.

The detective in charge of the case, William Kenward immediately organized a big search of the area. Policemen came from different parts of the country to help in the search, even some famous detective writers were asked to help.

. However, soon the police discovered that the marriage between Archie and Agatha Christie was not a happy one, and that Archie and Agatha were having problems. But he could not admit that his marriage was in trouble because people might have thought that he had had something to do with her disappearance.

.

her. Instead, the musicians in the dance band at the hotel recognized her.

It was not an easy story to believe and most people did not in fact believe it. But all what we know now is that she did not do it for publicity. She did it as she was going through an unhappy time with her husband. Later, in fact, their marriage broke up and they got divorced. However, her disappearance did make Agatha Christie the most popular crime writer in the country.

]

фары

]

   How did the story begin? Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   What are the details of the police investigation?

   Why did Agatha Christie disappear according to the article?

   Listen to the conversation and answer the questions below.

 

   What does the boy want to do?

   What does his mother want to do?

   Why can’t they make a decision?

 

Script:

 

Morning, mum.

Good morning, James. Will you, please, help me to get breakfast ready?

Sure, mum. Oh, by the way, mum, what will we do this Sunday?

Well, there are a lot of things we can do, but I think we have to talk to dad about it first. I’m afraid he’ll want to stay home.

!

We’ll see about it. We may drive to the country and can all take a long walk in the wood! Then have a picnic by the lake! We haven’t done it for a long time.

Oh no! It’s so boring! I never enjoy those walks. Besides, they forecast bad weather for the weekend! I’d better stay in town and see a match with the friends. It’ll be great fun I am sure!

All right. But let’s talk about it later. It’s only Wednesday today!

I won’t be able to get it later!

Let’s wait for father anyway.

OK. When will he be back?

I am not sure but I hope he’ll be back at 8 pm.

All right, then. I do hope he’ll let me go to the football match.

 

Let’s talk about school traditions.

 

   What can you tell me about your school traditions?

Does your school differ from any other school you know?

Ask me about my school life.

   What can you advise your younger school friends to do to make their school life more interesting and memorable?

What are some of the best memories of your school years?

№ 8

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

Pablo Picasso

ferent styles and changed the world of art during his time.

, the centre of art and literature.

luence on Pablo. He was very sad and began painting his pictures in grey and blue tones instead of bright, vivid colours. This part of his career is called his Blue Period (1901—1904).

Later on, he changed his painting style and started using more earth colours — rose, pink or brown. He liked to paint pictures of circus life with dancers and acrobats. This Rose Period lasted until 1907.

forms. In cubism, objects were cut into many flat shapes, which looked like a puzzle. All the sides of a person’s face, for example, were shown at once, maybe even with three eyes instead of two.

ied people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

He continued his work up to his death in 1973. For his great imagination and skill he is called ‘El Maestro’ of modern art.

 

. Read aloud the extract about it.

   Where did Picasso learn to paint?

   Picasso worked in different styles. Which styles are mentioned in the article? What are their typical characteristics?

   Listen to the interview and answer the questions below.

 

   What is Kerry’s typical day?

   Why doesn’t Kerry follow a diet or go to the gym?

   What piece of advice does Kerry give to beginners?

 

Script:

 

’s musicals. Kerry, what’s a typical day?

I’m usually not in bed before 2 am, so I get up about 10 am. I go to the gym or occasionally a jazz class. I meet friends who don’t work by day either — it’s my main chance to socialise. We get to the theatre by 6.15 and put on our make­up. Then we’ll get our hair done and put our costumes on.

igure?

Not at all! I don’t look after myself as well as I should do! I don’t need to do diets or go to the gym daily — just watch what I’m eating. I eat completely normally, including sweets and chocolates but not much.

How do you see your future?

’ eventually. As for getting older in the business, I know a lot of dancers in their mid­30s who are in main parts and doing well.

Any advice for beginners?

Be confident and keep practising — patience is rewarded!

 

Let’s talk about choosing a career.

 

What kind of job would you like to have in future?

Do you want to have a part­time job, when you are a student? Why (not)?

What questions will you ask your future employer about your future job?

Give me some advice on what I need to think about when choosing a job.

Some people think that it is necessary to have good communication skills in order to get a good job. Do you agree with this?

№ 9

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Good news for chocolate lovers!

people eat about 200 chocolate bars per second as a matter of fact. People love chocolate so much that they often think it is a bad habit. But there is good news for all chocoholics: eating chocolate does less harm to you than you might think.

, however, give no support to this idea.

ferers was noticed.

Chocolate contains fat and sugar, so if you ate a lot of chocolate you would probably put on weight. But reasonable amounts of chocolate in your diet will not make you fat. People usually get fat because they eat too much food in general, especially if they are not very active.

What about the effect on your teeth? Chocolate can damage your teeth, but the danger is less than many people believe. It is good to know that eating a certain amount of chocolate may even be good for you. Chocolate contains protein, vitamins and minerals. Scientists believe chocolate may reduce the risk of heart disease.

fect on your immune system. It is nice to smell chocolate of course, but it is much better to eat it. And the great thing is that you can eat it without fear.

ожирение

сыпь

 

   People eat a lot of chocolate. Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   What health problems do people traditionally connect with eating chocolate?

   What facts prove that chocolate can be good for our health?

   Listen to the conversation and answer the questions below.

 

   What is Alex thinking about?

   Why does he want to bring soldiers as a gift for his parents?

   What will Alex buy for his brother?

 

Script:

Hi, Alex. Alex? Are you sleeping?

No, I’m not sleeping, just thinking.

About what?

Well, I’ll be going back home to visit my family for a couple of weeks.

That’s great. So, you must be thinking about how happy you’ll be to see them again.

for everyone.

Of course, you want to bring back some traditional things, don’t you? You could bring back some toy soldiers from the Royal Ceremonial Collection.

Kelly, you’re a genius! Royal Guard soldiers are not only very colourful, they represent English traditions too! My parents will really like them. Okay, now I have to think of something to buy for my sister. That’s a tough one!

Don’t be so pessimistic, Alex. Does she like drinking tea? You could bring back an English teapot.

Of course! Another great idea! Now the toughest person to shop for — my brother. What in the world could I bring back for him?

Didn’t you tell me that your brother is studying English now?

Yes, that’s right.

So why not buy him a DVD so that he can watch a f ilm in English?

Sure, he’d love that. You amaze me, Kelly!

 

Let’s talk about life in the city and in the country.

 

Tell me about your native city/town/village.

Do you find your city/town/village a comfortable place for living? Why (not)?

What questions will you ask your friend about his/her new home?

   Your friend doesn’t know what to choose: to live in a period or modern house. Give him/her some advice.

   They say that the place people live in reflects their character and personality. What do you think about this idea?

№ 10

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Do very clever children need help?

children.

. She got a f irst class degree in mathematics. Now Ruth is a mathematics professor.

ferent to other children of their own age. They can become lonely. Michael Howe, a professor of psychology says, “It is good to be good at something while you are young, but if you do not have friends or other experiences you will not have a satisfying life.” Gifted children who understand quicker than their classmates can also become lazy. They can behave badly in class because they are bored.

that their child is especially talented, they have to take some important and difficult decisions. They have to help their child develop but they cannot push their child too hard. If they do, the child may have serious problems later in life. However, if a child is especially gifted, it is clear that they need a special kind of education. These children need to be motivated. This means that they have to study with people who are older than them. But at the same time they must be allowed to be children too.

Despite her great success, Ruth Lawrence does not want her own children to be brought up and educated in the same way she was. They will be sent to a normal school and she has said that she wants them to develop and grow only in a natural way.

талантливый

 

   Ruth Lawrence was a gifted child. Read aloud the extract which says about her.

   What kind of problems can wonderkids have?

   What should parents and teachers do for their gifted children?

 

 

   Listen to three speakers talking about their favourite pastime and answer the questions below.

 

irst speaker what is his favourite pastime?

   Why is the second speaker keen on crafts?

   What problem does the third speaker have because of his favourite pastime?

 

Script:

happiness.

I am fond of crafts. I love making different items from wood and then painting them. I usually give them away just to make people smile! I also enjoy sewing, especially making doll clothes for my daughter. All these things relax me, not to mention that I get a bit of satisfaction from having made something useful. I love making gifts for my family and friends. I wish I had more time to do it.

I have only one favourite pastime. Every day I come home, lie on the sofa, turn on TV and just relax. What do I watch? It doesn’t matter. Anything from soaps to football matches. My TV set is my best friend. The only problem is that I have put on a lot of weight. I can’t help eating crisps and other snacks while watching. My friends say I’m a couch potato. So what? I like it that way.

 

Let’s talk about different types of houses.

 

Tell me about your dream house.

your flat/house a comfortable place for living?

What questions will you ask your friend who is going to move into his/her new home?

   If your parents ask for your opinion where to move: to the city or to the country, what would you recommend them to do?

   They say that the room/flat/house you live in reflects your character and personality. What do you think about this idea?

№ 11

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

family history

.”

out more about the others.”

to meet her. It was a very emotional experience for both of us.”

ferent versions of the same events. It is very important to check everything.”

a lot of help on the internet.

Of course, it is not easy to trace your family history a long way back and you must be very patient. Believe me, in the future, your children, and their children may be very grateful to you for recording it.

предок

корни

архив

 

   Jean Sandwell made a shocking discovery. Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   Why do people start tracing their family histories?

   What recommendations does the author give to discover your roots?

   Listen to the conversation and answer the questions below.

 

   How many runners are going to take part in the race?

   Where would they like to organize the starting line?

   Why do they need to have first-aid points?

 

Script:

Well, Jane, we’ve only got two weeks left before the run so I really think we have to finalise the route of the race today.

will register for the race?

but I fully expect there will be 200 by the race itself.

ine. I’ll make a note of that.

Where will the starting line be?

I think you have to start somewhere that has a place to warm up. How about the Town hall as the car park there is big enough for the runners to do their exercises?

irst­aid point somewhere on the route in case the runners have problems.

You’re probably right! Em, do you think the athletes need somewhere to take a break if they are feeling tired? We could use the entrance to the library. It’s ideal as it has such a huge portico where the athletes could relax in the shade.

Good idea.

полагать

участник

 

Let’s talk about Belarusian national cuisine.

 

?

   Do you know many recipes?

?

   Which questions will you ask a friend who has invited you to a pot luck party?

Can you tell me how to cook one of your favourite dishes?

 

№ 12

 

   Read a part of the interview with Audra Mari, Miss Teen USA, taken by the magazine “Seventeen” and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

bullying Again?

in high school?

One Sunday, I came home and there was a big picture on the door. It was basically making fun of me because I’m tall. Once the girls prepared a slogan to support a football team. The slogan wishing good luck faced the team, but the back of the slogan read “Go Home Mari”. And the whole student section saw it. One time during lunch, I was sitting with all my friends, and a girl came up to me and threw a paper lunch bag at me. She said, “You can eat this for lunch, it is for horses.”

Seventeen: What was going through your head when all of this was happening?

inally, I told my mum, I told her everything. She talked to the administration, and they brought the girls in and talked to them about it. The girls were punished. So you just have to bring it to the attention of adults.

the confidence to go for it?

in yourself. I was a three­sport athlete — hockey, soccer, and volleyball — and I gave them up to do my modelling career.

Seventeen: What’s your advice for girls dealing with bullies today?

Stay confident and know that this is not the end of the world, that you are not going to be in high school for the rest of your life. There are mean girls wherever you go, but you don’t need to be with them when you get older. You’re not in a classroom with them, you’re not eating lunch with them, so look past it and know that it’s going to end. Looking back, I’d say you just need to focus on what you want to achieve and not let people get in your way or upset you. Also, tell a trusted adult, tell all your friends, tell anyone you can. If you keep it inside, it’s just going to eat you.

запугивать

уверенность

   Mary was cruelly bullied. Read aloud the extract which says about it.

   How did she react to bullying?

   What advice does she give to other children?

   Listen to the talk between two friends and answer the questions below.

?

   What are they going to do in the evening?

   Why does Alex want to go to a cafe?

 

Script:

.

Sure, Maggy, I’d like to see that, but where is it exactly?

Look beyond the people. What do you see?

Well, there’s a beautiful building over there! It looks like a palace. What is it?

! And all those people are waiting for the Changing of the Guard. It’s 11 o’clock so the ceremony will start soon.

Does this ceremony take place every day?

It’s held daily only from April to August, when there are lots of tourists. But we aren’t going to watch it right now; we’re going to the park which is opposite the palace.

Let me guess. We must be in St. James’s Park now!

Good guess! You’re right, it’s St. James’s Park, which is a popular place to walk, feed the ducks or watch the pelicans.

parks?

Sure, but you should follow certain rules.

Okay. What is the magnificent style building opposite the lake?

with lots of pubs and cafes. If you like, we can go there later in the evening.

That’s a wonderful idea! But honestly, I’m starving and wouldn’t mind having a bite right now.

Then let’s go to the cafe and have a snack.

 

Let’s talk about national cuisine of an English­speaking country.

?

   Do you know many recipes?

?

   My friend wants to know more about national cuisines. Which national dishes would you recommend him to taste?

   A lot of pupils refuse to have meals at school. What do you think about it?

№ 13

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Shakespeare’s portrait?

. Yet surprisingly little is known about Shakespeare’s life, the way he worked, or what he looked like.

. In 1594 he helped form a new theatre company and wrote plays for the next 20 years. After this he retired to Stratford­upon­Avon where he died in 1616. He is buried in a local church.

Several portraits exist that are supposed to be those of Shakespeare’s. Yet many experts think these paintings are probably pictures of someone else, or were painted at least 100 years after Shakespeare died.

The Shakespeare expert and the owner of the newly­discovered painting say they are 90 % sure it is of William Shakespeare. Alec Cobbe owns the painting. It has been in his family’s possession since the early 1700s. They did not know who the person in the painting was. A few years ago Mr Cobbe went to a Shakespeare exhibition and saw a painting of Shakespeare called the Janssen portrait. He was amazed by how similar it was to the painting owned by his family.

He took his painting to a Shakespeare expert. Since then it has been dated and X­rayed. They now believe it was painted in 1610, when Shakespeare was 46 years old — six years before he died. Mr Cobbe thinks he could prove the portrait was originally owned by the Earl of Southampton, who supported Shakespeare when he was writing his plays.

Other experts are not so sure whether it really is a portrait of Shakespeare. This, they say, is because there is no proof the Janssen portrait is actually a picture of Shakespeare either!

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What facts prove that the painting can be a portrait of William Shakespeare?

   Why do some people doubt that this is a portrait of Shakespeare?

 

   Listen to three speakers talking about travelling and answer the questions below.

 

Why do many people travel today according to the first speaker?

   How does the second speaker describe people who never travel?

   What can a person gain travelling to other countries according to the third speaker?

 

Script:

English food and everything was so foreign! If one travels with that kind of attitude, one never learns anything about other places and people. Today many people travel not in order to learn, but to ‘have a good time’ and usually on their terms.

. I think that people who never leave their countries are narrow­minded and ignorant.

I feel sad for those people who have never travelled outside of their own hometown. There’s a whole world of different cultures to meet out there, ninety­nine per cent of which you can’t have by just sitting in the living room in front of the TV. When you travel to other countries you can see, feel and touch other ways of living. Some places will shock you, others will please you. You will then appreciate your own life and see things in a different way.

знающий

 

Let’s talk about shopping.

 

   Who does the shopping in your family?

a shopper’s paradise? Why (not)?

What questions will you ask your friend who has bought an expensive telephone?

   What can you advise a teenager who wants to buy a birthday present for his/her friend?

   Some teenagers think that parents should pay them for doing their household chores. Do you share their opinion?

№ 14

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

LONDON

in the sales, buying something new to wear out on a Saturday night. Or alternatively, a bit of window­shopping — it doesn’t cost a penny. Sometimes I’ll spend hours just wandering around a market having a chat with my friends.

, you can have an expensive cappuccino, and watch some (free) street theatres at the same time.

, it’s a shopper’s paradise, nice clothes, and the prices. Well I can look, can’t I?

, it’s busy, exciting, trendy, and there are lots of bargains! You can buy cheap jeans and cool second hand clothes in the morning and then get a tattoo and a body piercing later on! If all that shopping is too tiring, you can get some Chinese or Thai food for 2 or 3, sit by the canal and have a drink. What could be better?

’s history — it was the birthplace of Henry VIII, Queen Mary and Elizabeth I. There’s also the park, the ‘Cutty Sark’ (an old tea clipper ship), the meridian line (where east meets west), and the old observatory… so much to do, but don’t forget the shopping!”

покупка

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What does John like about shopping?

interesting to visit?

 

   Listen to three speakers talking about losing weight and answer the questions below.

 

What does the first speaker advise to do if you want to lose weight?

   What is the mistake many people make trying to lose weight?

   Why is it necessary to exercise according to the third speaker?

 

Script:

. I did morning walks, cycling, but no other physical exercise.

, relax a bit, then go for 5 more.

irst thing I would suggest is to believe in yourself, and love yourself. The key to weight loss is simple — you should burn more than you take in! Walk the dog, join a health club, take up jogging. Whatever you do, you’ve got to move your body as much as possible if you want to lose weight.

 

Let’s talk about leisure time.

 

   What do you do in your free time?

   Is cinema still important? Why (not)?

What questions can you ask a British friend about his/her hobbies?

ilms you have seen recently?

   Many parents complain that children don’t read books. Why do you think children are not interested in reading?

№ 15

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

University celebrates

One of the world’s leading universities has just begun to celebrate its 800th anniversary.

, was founded in 1209. On 17th January it held a special outdoor celebration to launch a year of events marking its 800th birthday.

.

irst awarded degrees in 1947.

.

, also studied at the university.

to watch a light show celebrating the anniversary. Images and illustrations were projected onto one of the famous university buildings, the Senate House. A piece of music containing exactly 800 notes was played from the nearby Great St Mary’s Church.

.

виновным

this extract and read it aloud.

?

considered one of the best in the world?

   Listen to the recording and answer the questions below.

 

   What does Sara want to become?

out about the audition?

   Why was this performance special for Sara?

 

Script:

Sara has always wanted to be famous. When she was only four years old, she said to her parents “I’m going to be a star when I grow up.” Her parents laughed. Sara’s dreams were just dreams for years, but now those dreams are coming true, thanks to the power of television.

before but this one was different — it was on TV! People all over the country watched Sara singing. She didn’t mind the cameras — she was too excited about being on TV. Sara was the viewers’ favourite.

Some people think that the band will never be successful. “It’s not a real band,” they say. But Sara isn’t worried about her future. “I’m famous now, and it doesn’t matter how I got here. I’m here to stay!”

прослушивание

 

Let’s talk about Belarusian customs and traditions.

 

   What can you tell me about your favourite Belarusian holiday?

   Are you proud of our national holidays and traditions?

   What questions can you ask a friend about his/her last New Year celebration?

?

Do you think it is important to follow our grandparents’ traditions? Why?

№ 16

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

World Digital Library opens

, on 21st April.

. The map was drawn in 1562.

.

’s Library of Congress, the largest library in the world. Mr Billington hopes the new digital library will be used by young students and teachers everywhere to discover more about the world’s cultural history. The library contains about 1,200 items from 26 libraries in 19 countries. An explanation of each item is available in seven languages — Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian.

Visitors can search the library in dif ferent ways. They can enter historical dates to see what items were made in the world at that time. They can also sort their searches by similar topics or by country.

You can visit the new World Digital Library at www.wdl.org

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What ways are used to search the library?

   Why is it a good idea to create such a library?

 

 

 

 

   Listen to the interview with Roy Tomlinson, who invented the sign @ and email, and answer the questions below.

 

ferent countries?

   How did Roy Tomlinson invent email?

   Does it trouble him that he is not very famous?

 

Script:

and email. In English this sign is called simply ‘at’ but what about other countries?

it is ‘elephant’s trunk’ and Turkish e­mailers call it simply ‘ear’.

When and why did you invent email?

It was in 1971 and I am not sure there was a real reason for inventing it. It was a fun thing to try out and it took three to six hours to do. I can’t remember exactly how long it took.

How did you feel about spam and viruses?

a better way to stop spam or viruses.

Does it bother you that you are not a household name?

No, it doesn’t bother me. Computer fans know what I have done. I get letters from people who say: “It’s great, what you did.” It is not the centre of my life.

почты

хобот

 

Let’s talk about customs and traditions of an English­speaking country.

 

?

Do you find some British customs and traditions special? Why (not)?

   What questions can you ask a British teenager about good manners in their country?

?

   Nowadays more and more people are getting interested in customs and traditions of different countries. What do you think about it?

 

№ 17

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

Special Request to Education Minister

icult to recruit doctors and teachers. Their request was published in a national paper and has become a common topic of conversation in a country where there is great concern about people leaving rural areas for the cities. This is the letter:

Dear Minister,

one. Our school is very important to us and we like coming here to learn.

Gardane is a small village. Every visitor from the city says our valley is very beautiful and that we are lucky to live here. So why isn’t there a new teacher who wants to come here? We don’t mind how old the new teacher is, or whether it’s a man or a woman. They should like the country and outdoor life, and be healthy. We would like someone who is patient, happy and does not shout. The teacher should be clever and know how to help us understand things. We’d like our teacher to be properly dressed and to come on time. They should be kind, make us feel happy in the school, and help us make our classroom nice. We would like someone who thinks of exciting things to do, inside and outside school. For example, our last teacher got us to write down the history of the village which our grandparents knew — we didn’t realise how much the village had changed; make a nature calendar so we learned more about farming and about the animals and plants in our valley; read all sorts of books and write a newspaper about our village.

If the Ministry does not send us a teacher, we will have to leave our families and our valley to go to school.

Please help us!

Yours sincerely

The pupils of Gardane school.

The pupils have not had a reply yet, and so far the Ministry has refused to comment on the situation.

this extract and read it aloud.

   Why did children like their last teacher?

   What will happen if the school doesn’t get a new teacher?

   Listen to a girl speaking to her parents and answer the questions below.

   Where does the girl want to go and why?

   Who doesn’t like the idea?

   Who will pay for the trip?

Script:

Have you done your homework?

No, not yet, I want to talk to you and Dad.

What about?

About the summer holidays, there’s a group of us at school who want to go away together.

Go away together? Whatever next?

I knew you’d say no.

Hang on a minute, go away where?

She is only sixteen.

That’s old enough to get married, so you can’t stop me.

Just a minute, go where?

. We can practise our French.

Oh, if you want to practise French, you can do it here.

Not to each other. To French people.

Where would you stay?

. Louise stayed there last year with her parents.

?

By train.

Have you got any idea how much it’d cost? Who is going to pay for it all?

I’d get a job, anyway we haven’t worked out yet how much it will cost.

I think it’d be a good idea if you get more details and then we’ll talk about it again. Okay?

 

Let’s talk about modern means of communication: TV, newspapers, radio, the Internet.

Which of these does your family like?

   Is there any means of communication you can’t live without? Why (not)?

What questions will you ask the participants of “What? Where? When?” a famous TV programme?

My cousin spends a lot of time chatting in “Contact” and it makes all the family angry. What can you advise him and the family to do in this situation?

   Can the Internet replace all the other means of mass media? What is your point of view?

№ 18

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

icult language?

People often ask which language is the most difficult to learn, and it is not easy to answer because there are many factors to take into con­sideration.

ferences between the second language and our first one, the harder it will be for most people to learn.

icult for many foreign learners, too. However, for Japanese speakers, who already use Chinese characters in their own language, learning this language will be less difficult than for speakers of languages using the Ro­man alphabet.

icult. Teachers and the circumstances in which the language is learned also play an important role, as well as each learner’s motivation for learning. If people learn a language be­cause they need to use it professionally, they often learn it faster than people studying a language that has no direct use in their day­to­day life.

British diplomats and other embassy staff have found that the second hardest language is Japanese, which will probably come as no surprise to many. But the language that they have found to be the most problematic is Hungarian, which has 35 grammatical cases.

it easier.

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What factors play an important role in learning a language?

icult to learn Hungarian?

 

 

 

   Listen to the boy speaking about a football match and answer the questions below.

 

   What sort of match did Tom play?

   How did Tom’s team play during the match?

   What was the result of the game?

 

ive minutes, our team tried really hard to score a goal but we were unlucky. At half­time, our PE teacher, Mr Hunter, talked to us and told us to play even harder! Though our competitors were well­trained, we were very enthusiastic and tried to attack as often as possible. We were really tired in the second half but in spite of this we managed to score a goal! It was a fantastic moment. The game ended in a draw. I didn’t score a goal but that didn’t matter. I was part of the football team now — that was the most importantthing.

 

Let’s talk about a healthy way of life.

 

   What influences a person’s health?

   Is home­made food better than junk food? Why?

itness coach?

   What activities can you advise a person who wants to have a healthy way of life?

   Why is a balanced diet important for your health?

№ 19

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Mobile phones

as a way of staying ahead with the technology. With our fast lifestyles, we have no time to meet our relatives or friends and are left with the only option of talking over the phone. Here comes the need of mobile phones, which allow us to stay connected wherever we are and whenever we need to.

Everybody today owns at least a basic mobile phone. What makes it easy to use is its user­friendly nature, small size and its numerous attractive features. However, people are always eager to replace their mobile phones with the latest models having more advanced fea­tures.

As the technology is scaling new heights, mobile phones are becoming cheaper and cheaper and the customer is getting more for less. A great way of amusing yourself is by playing games on your mobile phone. If you want to store your precious moments, you can use its video recording feature. Mobile phones can become expressions of who we are by get­ting mobile ringtones, wallpapers, which turn your phone into a unique device.

Whatever may be said against mobile phones their advantages have always scored over their disadvantages. They have proved useful for every purpose. Nothing is as comfortable as a mobile phone for communicating over a distance. You cannot be present at the same time at more than one place, but if required you can just make use of your mobile phone and get your work done.

Mobile phones have def initely become the most vital part of our lives. It is hard to imagine life without mobiles. Indeed, mobile phones keep you connected round the clock. They are now inexpensive, easy to use, comfortable and equipped with almost every latest feature you desire. Today, a technologically advanced mobile phone can perform as many tasks as well as that of a personal computer. Even remote countries have started having mobile phone services.

пунктик

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What features can be found in modern mobile phones?

   Why are mobile phones a vital part of our life?

 

 

   Listen to Tina talking about a nasty experience she had and answer the questions below.

 

   Who did Tina go to the skating-rink with?

   What happened to her there?

   How was she saved?

 

Script:

I think about it. I went ice­skating near my house. It was the first time that I’d gone ice skating, so I was nervous and I wasn’t sure how to skate.

I went with a friend who was very good at it, and she spent some time teaching me, but I didn’t make much progress. I think she got fed up with me, so she left and I went off skating by myself. As soon as she left, I fell over, then again and again. In the end I got bored, so I took off my skates and just walked around on the ice in my shoes.

me up out of the water onto the ice. So I’m still alive today, but even now, whenever I think about that time, I feel uncomfortable.

And I don’t want to go skating again.

схватить

тянуть

 

Let’s talk about sport.

 

   What do you do to keep f it?

   Do you agree that bad habits, like smoking, can be dangerous? Why (not)?

   What questions will you ask a professional sportsman?

   What can you advise a person who doesn’t know what kind of sport to take up?

   Sport develops character and team spirit. Can you add any other points in favour of sport?

№ 20

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

How I got to the top

I was either ten or eleven when I wrote my first song. I don’t remember. My mum was struggling financially and emotionally, so I didn’t talk a lot. Finally, she told me if I couldn’t talk about what was bothering me, I should write about it. So she gave me a notebook, and my poems turned into lyrics.

f bills, she bought me a CD player and four CDs.

.

it strange going back and performing on Idol last spring. Everyone was always supportive and nice. But I think they were so nice because no one thought I was going to win. Members of the crew came up to me after the finale and told me they didn’t think I could have won.

, and I told the girls that I wasn’t a role model for my weight. Sometimes I’m thicker when I’m around my family and I’m eating more. Sometimes I’m thinner because I’m on the road and that takes a lot out of me. But I do feel it’s important to talk to girls about weight. They see these images, and there’s no way they’ll ever live up to them.

Everyone says I’m down­to­earth. It would be very hard for me to keep up any sort of celebrity persona. It’s just not me. I’m comfortable in my skin. I’m outspoken. I don’t know any other way to be.

подпевка

] проба, прослушивание

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   Why were all the people nice to her during the show?

about?

   Listen to Ann speaking about a holiday that went wrong and answer the questions below.

 

   What holiday did Ann want to have?

What problems did she have to face?

   What decision did she make in the end?

 

Script:

. I was fed up with the idea of lying on the beach; what I wanted was an active holiday.

The first day was pretty good. I walked for about 7 hours. And in the evening I got to the place where I planned to spend the night, it turned out that there was not a single bed free. I had to sleep out on the beach. The second day started with heavy rain, so my things got very wet. On the third day I began to have problems with my shoes. My feet hurt so much that I had to take a bus to the nearest town to buy some other shoes. When I was there I accidentally met an old friend. She invited me to her holiday home, but I refused,

Next day, though, there wasn’t only a problem with my shoes (I mean the new ones), but also another worry: there was no way to go! The road along the shore was blocked for some reason. That time I decided to call my friend. She said happily, “Great! We’ll be lying on the beach, sunbathing and doing nothing!” Well, I must say I quite liked the idea.

 

Let’s talk about fashion.

 

   What style in clothes do you prefer and why?

   Do you follow the latest fashion trends? Why (not)?

   What questions would you ask a fashion designer?

   What can you advise a person who wants to change something about his/her style but doesn’t know how to do it?

   They say that young people pay a lot of attention to their style and want to be fashionable. What do you think about it?

№ 21

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Halloween

Halloween is always celebrated on 31 October. On that night, many people will look like frightening creatures such as vampires or ghosts. They do this with the help of special clothing and face paint.

. The Celts believed that spirits of the dead would return to their homes on October the thirty­first, the day of the autumn feast. They built huge fires to frighten away evil spirits that night.

. Some believed that spirits played tricks on people on the last night of October. Historians say many of the Halloween traditions of today developed from those of ancient times. They say that wearing a mask to hide a person’s face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away.

On Halloween night, American children put on masks and other clothing. They go from home to home shouting “Trick or treat”!  If the people in the homes do not give them a treat, the children may play a trick on them.

bats, spider webs and other things around the home.

The National Retail Federation is predicting that Americans will spend more on Halloween treats and products this year.  The group says about six point nine billion dollars will be spent in all.  That is eighteen percent more than last year when Americans spent f ive point eight billion dollars to celebrate Halloween.

The National Retail Federation also has information about what Americans will be wearing for Halloween this year. It says zombie costumes are tops among women, men and children.

искусственный

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What do adults and children do to get ready for Halloween?

   Why do many people celebrate this holiday nowadays?

 

 

   Listen to the conversation between a journalist and a Japanese girl and answer the questions below.

 

   What does Shima usually eat?

   Where does she eat?

   What is happening to the Japanese diet at the moment?

 

Script:

What do you eat in a typical day, Shima?

I don’t usually have breakfast, because I can’t get up early enough to it. I normally just buy a coffee and drink it in the office. I usually have lunch in the restaurant near the office with people from work. When I was younger, I used to go to fast food restaurants and have pizza, fried chicken and chips, but now I prefer eating something healthier, so I go to sushi restaurants or restaurants which serve organic, healthy food which is grown in local gardens. And for dinner I have to eat out a lot too.

Do you ever eat unhealthy food?

Well I don’t eat a lot of unhealthy things, but I drink a lot of coffee every day. I know it is not a good habit and I am going to give it up one day. I began drinking more juice. Orange one is my favourite.

Are people’s diets in your country getting better or worse?

than before and that’s why some people are getting fatter. But personally I like the fact that there are more different kinds of food and restaurants now. I enjoy the variety, it makes eating out much more fun.

] находиться под влиянием западной культуры

 

Let’s talk about travelling and tourism.

 

   What role do they play in your life?

   How do you like to travel?

What questions should you ask a travel agent to learn more about a tour?

   What can you advise a person who doesn’t know where to spend his/her holiday?

   What difficulties can you have when visiting a foreign country? Is it possible to avoid them?

№ 22

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

are feast for the eyes

The financial­economic crisis of the 2009 was the third of its kind for Smilovichi Felting Factory’s Director, Vasily Saban. However, each time his unique company recovered from its challenging situation. Mr Saban, 55, has not only survived these times of trouble but has discovered a solution for ‘his’ factory — the company modernized its felt boot production, with the range of wool­made products expanded.

“This branch may be one of the oldest but it has seen progress,” says Mr Saban, looking at black­and­white photos from the 1950—1960s. “In 1928 Smilovichi staff made just 8—10 pairs of felt boots daily; the figure is ten times larger now, the quality has also improved. We are now working on making women’s felt boots more attractive and fashionable, without giving them high heels!”

; Smilovichi­made footwear is worn with pleasure.

. The company has managed not only to avoid bankruptcy but to advance significantly in its traditional manufacture. The process of felt boot making is complicated and labour intensive, including 36 operations, with only a few of them mechanised.

. Anyone wearing Smilovichi­made felt boots must surely feel warm; their footwear has been made with love and keeps the warmth of their makers’ hands.

валенки

клей

this extract and read it aloud.

   What does the factory produce?

   Why are felt boots becoming more and more popular all over the world?

Listen to the conversation between a girl and a boy speaking about their family life and answer the questions below.

 

   What do the boy and the girl say about their families?

   Is the girl happy to have a family party?

   What do John’s parents hope he will do after school?

 

Script:

I don’t know your family very well, John. I guess I haven’t been to your house that often.

No — you must come round again soon, and have dinner. My parents are quite fun. They come from up north, and then they moved down here when they decided that they wanted to start a family.

My family have always lived round here. It’s full of my cousins! So, do you get on well with your family? You don’t talk about them as much as some people talk about their families.

Oh yeah, they’re fine. It’s OK. They both work hard, so I don’t see them so much.

Sometimes I wish I saw a little less of mine! But in fact, I’m going to see everybody soon. I can’t wait for this party we’re having next month. Everyone’s coming.

That sounds like fun. I could do with some fun.

Oh? Is something the matter?

Well, it’s just that I’m expected to follow tradition and join my uncle’s firm when we finish school, but I think it’s boring. OK for a holiday job, maybe, but that’s enough…

?

Yeah, I would ask my older brother, but he’s always at university…

 

Let’s talk about environment.

 

   People say that our planet is in danger. Do you share this opinion?

   What do you think people should do to protect the environment?

?

   A friend of yours wants to develop a programme to protect the city where he lives. Give him a piece of advice.

contest is held in the country and you want your school to enter it. Give ideas for some ‘green events’.

№ 23

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

Village with history of a city

.

I’ve heard plenty of stories about the origin of this unusual name — Rakov. Some connect the name with the Belarusian word ‘raka’, or the first settler, named Rak, or, even, the ancient Egyptian sun god Ra.

in the 15th century — noted as a place owned by the great Lithuanian dukes. 150 years later, it became a town at the centre of Rakov county, with a castle, governor and constitution. A famous Belarusian nobleman and composer Michal Oginski also owned Rakov county for some time.

. Ceramic pots, angel figurines and baking dishes are still found buried beneath Rakov.

on the facade reads: ‘Museum. Art­Gallery’.

Felix Yanushkevich — a restorer and a famous artist (his pictures are hung even in the Tretyakov Gallery) — owns the place. The gallery shows Felix’s works, as well as pieces by his no less talented brothers. Moreover, it holds ancient documents, furniture, musical instruments, ceramic ware. Today, the gallery has over 12,000 exhibits.

is running through my fingers again. What will happen if I drop a coin? They say it means that you’re sure to return. I certainly wish to come back, since I’ve truly enjoyed seeing this unusual village with the history of a city.

летопись

керамика

надпись

родник

   The author tells us when Rakov was first mentioned in the chro­nicles and some facts about the town’s history. Find this extract and read it aloud.

   What museum is situated in Rakov?

   Why will it be interesting for people to visit Rakov?

Listen to the telephone conversation between a woman and a receptionist from Go-World Home Delivery service and answer the questions below.

   What’s Jessica’s surname and address in Byford?

   What does the woman want to order?

   Which gift has she chosen?

   

Go­World Home Delivery. How may I help you?

Oh, hello. I’d like to place an order.

Certainly. I’ll just take the details.

Right.

Can I start by taking your name, please?

Yes, it’s Bowles, Jessica Bowles.

Is that Jessica with a G or a J?

With a J. And then it’s B­O­W­L­E­S.

ine. And your address…

, Byford. That’s H­E­A­T­H.

Good. And I need the post code.

Oh yes, of course. It’s B­Y­1, er, 7­R­X.

R­X, thanks. Fine, right now, what was it you wanted to order?

Well, I’ve been looking in the catalogue, and I’d like to get a travel bag.

They’re great quality, yes. And good value. They’re available in a range of colours.

Yes, and I think it’s the yellow that appeals most.

Very nice. You’ve seen the price?

Yes, they’re 24.99 each, or 22.99 if you buy two.

That’s right.

Well, I only want one.

the catalogue?

Oh yes, a diary or a calculator. I think a calculator would be useful.

Good choice. OK, well, I’ll put this straight through and then you should be getting the…

Let’s talk about weather and climate.

   What is happening to weather and climate nowadays?

   Do you have a favourite season?

What questions would you ask a meteorologist?

What can you advise a person who is weather dependent?

   They say there’s no bad weather, there are bad clothes. What do you think about it?

№ 24

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

Never forgotten

. A time capsule has been laid into the foundation and, by spring 2013, the building is to open. Architects have done their best to make the five­storey, multi­level building, with each of its four sections symbolising a year of the war.

objective information and leave with a lasting impression.

. However, technical innovations, such as dynamically lit electronic maps, electronic catalogues, interactive facilities will help visitors to receive brighter impressions.

have a small museum of military glory, set up by enthusiasts. Professional histo­rians have done much to develop this patriotic movement, preparing dozens of educational textbooks for pupils and teachers, helping to explain the events of 1941—1945.

paid a high price for its victory — 9,200 towns and villages were burnt and there were millions of victims. This can never be forgotten.

]

]

this extract and read it aloud.

   What will the visitors be able to see in the new museum?

?

   Listen to the three people speaking about how they spend their weekends and answer the questions below.

 

irst speaker do at the weekend?

   What does the second speaker do at the weekend?

   What does the third speaker do at the weekend?

 

Script:

Well, I try to make the most of my weekends, especially in the summer, when you’ve got more chance to get outside. I know some people like seeing films or concerts, but it’s important to me to keep fit, so I always do plenty of running, and, say, tennis or swimming. There are usually some friends around to join in.

ilm on DVD, something like that.

I might see a friend or two, especially if there’s some sport to watch, then we can watch a match together.

 

.

 

   What can you tell me about our Motherland?

   What famous Belarusian people do you know?

do you expect to hear from a British teenager?

What Belarusian sights would you advise a foreigner to visit?

You are to write a short article about Belarusian people for a foreign newspaper. How would you describe our people?

№ 25

 

   Read the article and say in 2—3 sentences what it is about.

 

surprise party

in a few days. Liz had tracked down several college friends, and they were coming from various places across the country. A band and dancers were invited.

The best part for Liz was that she knew Andrew did not have any idea about the party. She could not wait to see the look on his face when he walked into a big “Surprise!” in his own home.

The party was supposed to be on Saturday. As Liz was daydreaming about picking relatives up at the airport the next day and taking them to their hotel, Andrew walked into the kitchen and said, quite certainly, “Sweetheart, I don’t want anything special done for my birthday.”

“What do you mean?” Liz responded calmly, though her heart began to beat.

“I mean that I don’t want a surprise party.”

“Okay,” Liz said. “Not a problem.”

fort to fail.

just for this evening. But along with being deeply moved, he was also angry with his wife. He knew he could be emotional, and he did not like people to see him that way. That was why he did not like being surprised.

illed the home of Liz and Andrew. Liz whispered “I love you” in Andrew’s ear, they shared a kiss, and the two danced the whole night.

 

this extract and read it aloud.

   What did Andrew ask Liz for?

   How did Andrew feel at the party?

   Listen to the three people speaking about things that make them angry about mobiles and answer the questions below.

 

irst speaker angry?

   What annoys the second speaker?

   What does the third speaker complain about?

 

Script:

. I think if you are in a shop and talking to a shop assistant, you shouldn’t answer the phone.

I hate when people talk very loudly on their mobile phones in public places. The other day I was in the waiting room at the doctor’s and there was a man whose mobile rang about every ten minutes and we all had to listen to him talking loudly to his wife, then to his boss, then to a garage mechanic… I think if you are in a public place, you should speak really quietly or go somewhere else. And you don’t have to shout — the other people can hear you perfectly well.

What really annoys me is people who use their phones a lot when they are with other people — like you are out having a meal with someone and they spend the whole time talking on the phone or texting messages to other people to arrange what they are doing the next day. I think it is very rude.

раздражать

 

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What do you know about this country?

? Why (not)?

?

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Why?